Established in 2003, the Federation Council provides a promising basis for the establishment of an institutional mechanism for coordinating the negotiating positions of the provinces and territories. As such, it could be like the Council of Ministers in the EU; However, it must go beyond a meeting of prime ministers twice a year. Ministers from different portfolios should meet regularly between prime ministers` meetings, as the EU Council of Ministers meets weekly, and foreign policy, transport, the environment, etc. In addition, as in Europe, the Federation Council could benefit from the fact that there are permanent representatives of the provinces who prepare ministerial meetings and that they come into contact with federal government officials on issues that affect all provinces and territories, such as the negotiation of international agreements on provincial tribunals. It is surprising that the Federation Council has not been used as an institutional springboard for the provinces to participate in the CETA negotiations. Instead, each province decided to send its own representative. It is not clear how well these provincial negotiators are coordinating their upstream positions; However, there is likely to be little or no coordination. On 27 April 2009, EU member states adopted a negotiating mandate for the implementation of a new economic free trade agreement between the EU and Canada: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Negotiations were officially launched at the EU-Canada Summit in Prague, Czech Republic, on 6 May 2009. The first meeting on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European Union was held on June 10, 2009. The first round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from October 19 to 23, 2009.
On January 18, 2010, Canada and the European Union met in Brussels for the second round of negotiations. The third round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from April 19 to 23, 2010. The fourth took place in Brussels from 12 to 16 July, the fifth in Ottawa from 18 to 22 October 2010, and the sixth round of negotiations took place in Brussels from 17 to 21 January 2011. The two countries held a seventh round of talks in April 2011, while the eighth round took place on 15 July 2011. The ninth round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from October 17 to 21, 2011. Canada and the EU are also interested in removing non-tariff barriers in other areas. For example, on the basis of the WTO agreement on health and plant health measures and the veterinary convention between Canada and the EU, health standards and rules that limit trade in goods and services should be eliminated through harmonization or mutual recognition. In addition, transatlantic cooperation in compliance assessment is needed.