The country was breathing. Over the next three years, the compromise seemed to resolve almost all differences. The new Fugitive Slave Law, however, was an immediate source of tension. It deeply insulted many northern countries that refused to participate in the arrest of slaves. Some have actively and violently impeded their application. The Underground Railroad has become more efficient and bolder than ever. An Outline of American History, United States Information Agency. usa.usembassy.de/etexts/history/ch6.htm#compromise. Who won and who lost in the deal? While each side gained the most benefits, it was the North that seemed to earn the most. The balance of the Senate was now with free states, although California often agreed with the South on many issues in the 1850s.
The big victory for the South was the Fugitive Slave Law. In the end, the North refused to impose them. Massachusetts even asked for its cancellation and stole an argument from John C. Calhoun. Northerners said the law was unfair. The flagrant violation of Fugitive Slave Law set the scene of the storm that appeared later in that decade. But for now, the Americans were hoping against the hope that fragile peace would prevail. The United States after the Mexican-American War and the compromise of 1850. The new territory became another source of conflict between representatives of free states and slaves. The Fugitive Slave Act was essential to meet the requirements of the South. With respect to northern public opinion, the critical provision was that ordinary citizens were obliged to help slave fishermen.
Many countries in the North were deeply upset by this request for personal assistance to slavery. Discontent with the law further exacerbated tensions between the North and the South, which continued to flare up with abolitionists such as Harriet Beecher Stowe. His book Uncle Tom`s Cabin highlighted the horrors of recapturing runaway slaves and outraged Southern countries.  Outrage over the new law increased traffic along the Underground Railroad only in the 1850s. The northern states avoided enforcing the law, and until 1860, the number of foolish slave runaways was down to 330. Clay knew that the problems that separated the country went beyond the countries of the war with Mexico. Many countries in the North feared that slaves would still be bought and sold in the country`s capital, while the countries of the South wanted a more effective way than the Slave Act of 1793 to take back their runaway slaves. In January 1850 Clay introduced a series of resolutions known as the omnibus act that dealt with all outstanding issues. The bill provides that California would be admitted to the Union as a free state; New Mexico and Utah would be organized as territories with the status of slavery to be decided by popular sovereignty; the slave trade, but not slavery itself, would stop in the District of Columbia; The Refugee Slavery Act would be strengthened; Congress has stated that it has no right to interfere in the interstate slave trade; The controversial Texas-New Mexico border would be adapted; and the United States would take over Texas` debt.